Even well-kept cats from very clean homes can pick up fleas from time to time. You can use either a flea spray or a spot-on product to treat the cat's coat, following the manufacturer's instructions. However, this treatment alone will not clear up a flea infestation. It will also be necessary to clean the cat's bedding and surroundings, and, unless these are cleaned thoroughly , the infestation will continue. You can use a spray manufactured to kill a flea eggs at the same time as it is wormed, because the two infestations may be linked.
Cats may also be affected by lice, which are more difficult to see than fleas, although their white eggs, or nits, show up well , particularly on dark fur. Cats that constantly lick and bite themselves may be infested with lice and should be taken to a veterinary surgeon for examination. Your veterinary surgeon will be able to prescribe an effective spray which will need to be used for at least a month.
Both roundworms and tapeworms can affect cats. An infestation of roundworms may cause diarrhoea, loss of weight and poor condition. Sometimes, these worms can be vomited. Tapeworms seldom cause any such symptoms,but segments of the worms can be seen around the anus of in infected cat. All kittens should be treated for roundworms as a matter of routine. The necessary wormers can be obtained from a chemist or from your veterinary surgeon. Administration is simple, but care must always be taken to give the correct desage. Tapeworm treatments are more difficult to administer,and if an infestation is suspected, then veterinary help must be sought without delay.
Ear mites can cause a great deal of suffering to cats and especially to kittens. Symptoms of ear trouble are scratching the ears, shaking or banging the head, and a brown encrustation within the ear canal. You should consult your veterinary surgeon without delay he or she will be able to prescribe an effective treatment for the condition.
Cats can also be affected by a mite which causes skin canker with early symptoms of small bare patches on the ears and face. This can develop into a very serious skin condition unless it is treated promptly by a veterinary surgeon in the early stages.
Cats are more likely to be found with ticks in some areas than in others. The ticks sink their head-parts into the cat's skin and engorge themselves by sucking the cat's blood. In a few days, when they are fully engorged, they drop off. It is possible to remove a live tick completely with a pair of tweezers, as the head-part will remain firmly embedded. You should use a special tick-removing tool which can be bought from the pet shop or foam your veterinary surgeon.